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 [HOME > BIOTECHNOLOGY IN AFRICA > FOOD PROBLEM RESULTS]      

Here there will be illustrations on Africans are facing a horrible problem, although Africa is the richest continent in this world she still can't find her needed food, she is still fighting each other, she still live under the effect of her colonizers, I think that the time came to finish all this silly conflicts and here is information howing how our golden continent is affected by hunger and poverty and these are the results of hunger in the years 2002&2003 and we hope not to see any more results.

 
 [2003 REPORT]      

• Today, one in three Africans are malnourished, and about half of its nearly 700 million people live on less than $1 a day; most (80 percent) live on less than $2 a day.

• Income growth in
Africa barely has kept pace with population growth, remaining below the 2.5 percent and causing Africa’s share of the world’s absolute poor to increase from one-fourth to nearly a third.

•
Africa is a diverse continent that contains nearly a fourth of the lands total land area. Despite its immense size, only 430 million areas – less than one-fifth of the entire United States – are considered suitable for farming. Land degradation is a major threat to Africa’s agricultural productivity growth.

• Any effort to develop agriculture and improve household food security must include a focus on women. Most African farmers are women, and female headed households are more prone to hunger and poverty. African women generate two-thirds of
Africa’s agricultural production, and participate in trade and processing.

2002 Report:

• Sub-Saharan Africa enters the new millennium as the one area of the world where hunger is both pervasive and increasing.

• Most Africans are small-holder farmers. Poverty keeps them from investing in land improvements, irrigation and fertilizer. Thus, African farmers are extremely vulnerable to drought, flooding, and political conflict.

• A problem most African countries have is providing sufficient food for their people. The reasons for this are complex and include declining world prices for commodities as well as escalating debts.

• The rapid spread of AIDS also affects hunger. In some African countries, between 30 percent and 40 percent of adults are infected.

• Conflict also affects hunger in Africa. In 2001 civil conflict and war affected 16 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Internal conflicts interrupted progress in countries, such as Uganda, that have achieved a measure of food security in recent years.

• In eastern Africa, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia continue to suffer from prolonged periods of drought. The pastoral regions of these countries are the most vulnerable, and almost 2 million people in the Horn of Africa received emergency rations from World Food Program in 2001.

Refrence:

http://www.standwithafrica.org/hunger/factshunger.asp

 
[statistics of some African countries developments comparing to the USA]      

Country

Population

Size

Land Use

GNP Per Capita

Adult Literacy

Infant Mortality Rate
(per 1,000 live births)

UN Estimated Population Requiring Emergency food aid (08/02)

Lesotho

2,177,062

30,355 sq km
Slightly smaller than Maryland

Arable: 11%
Pastures: 66%

$570

Total 83%
Male 72%
Female 93%

82.77 deaths

500,000

Malawi

10,548,250

118,480 sq km
Slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

Arable: 34%
Pastures: 20%
Forests: 39%

$210

Total 58%
Male 73%
Female 43%

121.12 deaths

3,200,000

Mozambique

19,371,057

801,590 sq km
Slightly less than twice the size of California

Arable: 4%
Pastures: 56%
Forests: 18%

$210

Total 42%
Male 58%
Female 27%

139.2 deaths

500,000

Swaziland

1,104,343

17,363 sq km
Slightly smaller than New Jersey

Arable: 11%
Pastures: 62%
Forests: 7%

$1,400

Total 76%
Male 78%
Female 75%

109.19 deaths

150,000

Zambia

9,770,199

52,614 sq km
Slightly larger than Texas

Arable: 7%
Pastures: 40%
Forests: 39%

$330

Total 78%
Male 86%
Female 71%

90.89 deaths

2,400,000

Zimbabwe

11,365,366

390,580 sq km
Slightly larger than Montana

Arable: 7%
Pastures: 13%
Forests: 23%

$620

Total 85%
Male 90%
Female 80%

62.61 deaths

6,000,000

Totals

54,336,277

 

 

 

 

 

12,750,000

United States

278,058,881

9,629,091 sq km

Arable: 19%
Pastures: 25%
Forests: 30%

$29,240

Total 97%
Male 97%
Female 97%

6.76 deaths

Not Relevant

 
 

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 2003 MARKETING YEAR ( FOR NIGERIA ) (January/December)

  Wheat Rice Coarse Grains Total Cereals
  [ thousand tonnes ]
Previous year production 50 3 367 19 614 23 031
Previous five years average production 49 3 350 19 026 22 425
Previous year imports 2 400 1 840 70 4 310
Previous five years average imports 1 843 1 051 77 2 971
2003 Domestic Availability 50 2 100 19 850 22 000
2002 Production (rice in paddy terms) 50 3 500 19 850 23 400
2002 Production (rice in milled terms) 50 2 100 19 850 22 000
Possible stock drawdown - - - -
2003 Utilization 2 250 3 840 19 920 26 010
Food use 2 198 3 320 15 822 21 340
Non-food use 52 420 3 968 4 440
Exports or re-exports - 100 130 230
Possible stock build up - - - -
2003 Import Requirement 2 200 1 740 70 4 010
Anticipated commercial imports 2 200 1 740 70 4 010
of which: received or contracted - 68 - 68
Food aid needs - - - -
Current Aid Position        
Food aid pledges - - - -
of which: delivered - - - -
Donor-financed purchases - - - -
of which: for local use - - - -
for export - - - -
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year) 18 28 132 179
Indexes [ percentage ]
2002 Prod. compared to average (rice paddy terms): 102 104 104 104
2003 Import requirement compared to average: 119 166 91 135
Cereal share of total calorie intake:       46
Additional Information        
Major foodcrops: roots; tubers; coarse grains; rice
Lean season: April-May
Population (000s): 119 557      
GNP per capita in 2001 (US$): 290    

 See More statistics officially at  FAO Site

 

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