|With the time passing, the
earth's resources are decreasing. The earth's capacity to continue providing
clean air and water, productive soils and a rich diversity of plant and animal
life isn't as before, but it's moving in an opposite direction. Population
growth is already straining the
earth's resources. One of the few certainties of the future that the world's
population will nearly double, reaching almost 10 billion inhabitants by the
year 2030. This pushed us to find the solution for this and there was no other
than agricultural biotechnology to be the desired solution and the hope for us.
Experts assert that using
biotechnology in agriculture will triple crop yields without requiring any
additional farmland, saving valuable rainforests and animal habitats. Also, it
can reduce or eliminate reliance on pesticides and herbicides that may
contribute to environmental degradation.
In the past, the humankind has made
improvements to crop plants through selective breeding and hybridization, the
controlled pollination of plants. Then with the discovery of the DNA and the
possibility of cutting a specific piece of it and stick it in another DNA
thread, the agricultural biotechnology took place in the world of agriculture.
the difference between agricultural
biotechnology and the traditional plant breeding is that the agricultural
biotechnology allows the transfer of a greater variety of genetic in a more
precise, controlled manner.
For more explanation traditional
plant breeding involves the crossing of hundreds or thousands of genes, where as
agricultural biotechnology allows the transfer of only one or few desirable
genes. This allows plant breeders to develop crops with specific beneficial
trait sand without undesirable traits.
So agricultural biotechnology allowed us to supply the crops with desired
traits that fight plants pets. insects, weeds and diseases not only this but
also supply it with traits that provide quality improvements, such as tastier
fruits and vegetables, processing advantages such as tomatoes with higher solids
content, and nutrition enhancements, such as oil seeds that produce oils with
lower saturated fat content.
To sum up, agricultural biotechnology is
important to our life in the present and the future and so we should try to
improve this science and highlight it in order to provide good living for